Friday, December 31, 2010 - World's Plant Life Far Less Diverse Than Previously Thought

How many different types of plants do you think there are on Earth? A few million? Ten million? Guess again.

The world's plant life is far less diverse than previously thought, with a review of about one million named plants finding that only one third of them are unique.

The Royal Botanic Gardens at Kew, in southwestern London, has published "The Plant List" online Wednesday, updating a project conceived 130 years ago by the British naturalist Charles Darwin.

The list attempts to identify every plant known to science, and was begun in the 1880s with the help of a bequest from Darwin.

The review found 300,000 unique species, and 480,000 synonyms for those species, meaning that many had been "discovered" and named several times by botanists.

Another 260,000 names were listed as "unresolved," meaning that botanists have so far been unable to determine whether they are a separate species of a duplication of one of the 300,000.

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Saturday, July 24, 2010

Bangladesh zoo mourns elephant


Bangladesh's biggest zoo has declared three days of mourning following the death of a 100-year-old elephant which was its top attraction and "loyal servant", an official said on Saturday.

Pabantara collapsed on Thursday after a heart attack and died hours later, plunging her fans into grief, AHM Shahidullah, head of the state-owned Dhaka Zoo, told AFP.

The female Asian elephant had lived at the zoo since it was founded in 1957 and carried hundreds of thousands of children and adults on fun rides - a key activity at the zoological garden.

"All the mahouts (caretakers) and those who knew Pabantara cried like babies over her death," Shahidullah said.

"Some mahouts who retired from the zoo came all the way from their villages to be at her side. They prayed and lit candles and incense at her grave," he said.

During the mourning period, which began on Friday and will finish on Sunday, "there will be no fun-rides on the other elephants", he said.

"We will hold special prayers at a mosque to seek eternal blessings for Pabantara and other animals who are ill," Shahidullah added.

Pabantara had been a huge money spinner for the zoo on the northern outskirts of Dhaka, capital of the mainly Muslim country.

"She also was one of the oldest Asian elephants in this region. She was always peaceful and friendly. She was one of the most favourite animals and a loyal servant of the zoo. She deserves respect," Shahidullah added.

Shahidullah said veterinarians had examined her teeth and concluded that Pabantara was aged "around 100 years".

The elephant had been buried on the zoo grounds, Shahidullah said.

Asian elephants normally live between 60 and 90 years, said Mohsinuzzman Chowdhury, the country's top elephant expert, but can live beyond 100 years.

The zoo is home to about 2,000 animals and stretches over a 753,000 sq m park.

It is one of the few open spaces in a crowded city that is home to more than 12 million people.

© 2010 AFP